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Integer division in LustreC 

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* Issue 
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Integer division / and associated modulo mod 
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a = (a / b) * b + (a mod b) 
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Division between two integers can be interpreted in different ways 
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 a C like division where sign(a mod b) = sign a 
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 a euclidean division where 0 <= a mod b < b 
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In both cases they satisfy the above equation. 
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Kind modelchecker or Horn encoding assumes the mathematical definition, ie. the 
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euclidean division, while lustreC or the Verimag compiler rely on the C 
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definition. 
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In the following we deonote by div_C/mod_C and div_M/mod_M the functions in C 
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and math, respectively. 
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As an example 4 div_C 3 = 1 while 4 div_M 3 = 2 
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Some properties: 
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 we have a div_M b = a div_C b when a = b * k 
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 we have a mod_C b = 0 \equiv a mod_M b = 0. 
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* From C to Euclidian 
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a mod_M b = (a mod_C b) + (a < 0 ? abs(b) : 0) 
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a div_M b = (a  (a mod_M b)) div_C b 
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= (a  ((a mod_C b) + (a < 0 ? abs(b) : 0))) div_C b 
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* From Euclidian to C 
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a mod_C b = (a >= 0 ? a mod_M b :  ((a) mod_M b)) 
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(using math def to ensure positiveness of remainder)) 
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= (a mod_M b)  (a < 0 ? abs(b) : 0) 
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(using the def of mod_M above) 
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a div_C b = (a  (a mod_C b)) div_M b 
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= (a  ((a mod_M b)  (a < 0 ? abs(b) : 0))) div_M b 
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Let's chosse the second, simpler, def of mod_C 
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