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(********************************************************************)
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(*                                                                  *)
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(*  The LustreC compiler toolset   /  The LustreC Development Team  *)
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(*  Copyright 2012 -    --   ONERA - CNRS - INPT                    *)
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(*                                                                  *)
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(*  LustreC is free software, distributed WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY      *)
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(*  under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License        *)
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(*  version 2.1.                                                    *)
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(*                                                                  *)
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(********************************************************************)
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open Utils
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open LustreSpec
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open Corelang
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open Graph
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open Causality
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type schedule_report =
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{
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  (* a schedule computed wrt the dependency graph *)
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  schedule : ident list list;
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  (* the set of unused variables (no output or mem depends on them) *)
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  unused_vars : ISet.t;
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  (* the table mapping each local var to its in-degree *)
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  fanin_table : (ident, int) Hashtbl.t;
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  (* the table mapping each assignment to a reusable variable *)
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  reuse_table : (ident, var_decl) Hashtbl.t
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}
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(* Topological sort with a priority for variables belonging in the same equation lhs.
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   For variables still unrelated, standard compare is used to choose the minimal element.
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   This priority is used since it helps a lot in factorizing generated code.
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   Moreover, the dependency graph is browsed in a depth-first manner whenever possible,
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   to improve the behavior of optimization algorithms applied in forthcoming compilation steps. 
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   In the following functions:
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   - [eq_equiv] is the equivalence relation between vars of the same equation lhs
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   - [g] the (imperative) graph to be topologically sorted
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   - [pending] is the set of unsorted root variables so far, equivalent to the last sorted var
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   - [frontier] is the set of unsorted root variables so far, not belonging in [pending]
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   - [sort] is the resulting topological order
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*)
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(* Checks whether the currently scheduled variable [choice]
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   is an output of a call, possibly among others *)
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let is_call_output choice g =
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 List.exists ExprDep.is_instance_var (IdentDepGraph.succ g choice)
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(* Adds successors of [v] in graph [g] in [pending] or [frontier] sets, wrt [eq_equiv],
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   then removes [v] from [g] 
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*)
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let add_successors eq_equiv g v pending frontier =
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  let succs_v = IdentDepGraph.succ g v in
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  begin
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    IdentDepGraph.remove_vertex g v;
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    List.iter 
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      (fun v' -> 
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	if is_graph_root v' g then 
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	  (if eq_equiv v v' then 
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	      pending := ISet.add v' !pending 
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	   else
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	      frontier := ISet.add v' !frontier)
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      ) succs_v;
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  end
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(* Chooses the next var to be sorted, taking priority into account.
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   Modifies [pending] and [frontier] accordingly.
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*)
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let next_element eq_equiv g sort call pending frontier =
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  begin
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    if ISet.is_empty !pending
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    then
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      begin
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	let choice = ISet.min_elt !frontier in
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      (*Format.eprintf "-1-> %s@." choice;*)
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	frontier := ISet.remove choice !frontier;
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	let (p, f) = ISet.partition (eq_equiv choice) !frontier in
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	pending := p;
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	frontier := f;
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	call := is_call_output choice g;
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	add_successors eq_equiv g choice pending frontier;
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	if not (ExprDep.is_ghost_var choice)
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	then sort := [choice] :: !sort
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      end
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    else
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      begin
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	let choice = ISet.min_elt !pending in
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      (*Format.eprintf "-2-> %s@." choice;*)
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	pending := ISet.remove choice !pending;
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	add_successors eq_equiv g choice pending frontier;
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	if not (ExprDep.is_ghost_var choice)
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	then sort := (if !call
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		      then (choice :: List.hd !sort) :: List.tl !sort
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		      else [choice] :: !sort)
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      end
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  end
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(* Topological sort of dependency graph [g], with priority.
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 *)
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let topological_sort eq_equiv g =
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  let roots = graph_roots g in
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  assert (roots <> []);
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  let call = ref false in
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  let frontier = ref (List.fold_right ISet.add roots ISet.empty) in
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  let pending = ref ISet.empty in
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  let sorted = ref [] in
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  begin
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    while not (ISet.is_empty !frontier && ISet.is_empty !pending)
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    do
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      (*Format.eprintf "frontier = {%a}, pending = {%a}@."
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	(fun fmt -> ISet.iter (fun e -> Format.pp_print_string fmt e)) !frontier
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	(fun fmt -> ISet.iter (fun e -> Format.pp_print_string fmt e)) !pending;*)
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      next_element eq_equiv g sorted call pending frontier;
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    done;
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    IdentDepGraph.clear g;
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    !sorted
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  end
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(* Filters out normalization variables and renames instance variables to keep things readable,
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   in a case of a dependency error *)
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let filter_original n vl =
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 List.fold_right (fun v res ->
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   if ExprDep.is_instance_var v then Format.sprintf "node %s" (ExprDep.undo_instance_var v) :: res else
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   let vdecl = get_node_var v n in
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   if vdecl.var_orig then v :: res else res) vl []
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let schedule_node n =
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  let node_vars = get_node_vars n in
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  try
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    let eq_equiv = ExprDep.node_eq_equiv n in
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    let eq_equiv v1 v2 =
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      try
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	Hashtbl.find eq_equiv v1 = Hashtbl.find eq_equiv v2
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      with Not_found -> false in
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    let n', g = global_dependency n in
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    Log.report ~level:5 
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      (fun fmt -> 
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	Format.fprintf fmt
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	  "dependency graph for node %s: %a" 
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	  n'.node_id
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	  pp_dep_graph g
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      );
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    (* TODO X: extend the graph with inputs (adapt the causality analysis to deal with inputs
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     compute: coi predecessors of outputs
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     warning (no modification) when memories are non used (do not impact output) or when inputs are not used (do not impact output)
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       DONE !
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     *)
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    let gg = IdentDepGraph.copy g in
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    let sort = topological_sort eq_equiv g in
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    let unused = Liveness.compute_unused_variables n gg in
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    let fanin = Liveness.compute_fanin n gg in
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    let (disjoint, reuse) =
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      if !Options.optimization >= 3
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      then
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	let disjoint = Disjunction.clock_disjoint_map node_vars in
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	(disjoint,
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	 Liveness.compute_reuse_policy n sort disjoint gg)
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      else
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	(Hashtbl.create 1,
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	 Hashtbl.create 1) in
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    if !Options.print_reuse
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    then
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      begin
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	Log.report ~level:0 
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	  (fun fmt -> 
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	    Format.fprintf fmt
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	      "OPT:clock disjoint map for node %s: %a" 
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	      n'.node_id
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	      Disjunction.pp_disjoint_map disjoint
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	  );
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	Log.report ~level:0 
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	  (fun fmt -> 
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	    Format.fprintf fmt
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	      "OPT:reuse policy for node %s: %a" 
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	      n'.node_id
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	      Liveness.pp_reuse_policy reuse
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	  );
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      end;
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    n', { schedule = sort; unused_vars = unused; fanin_table = fanin; reuse_table = reuse }
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  with (Causality.Cycle vl) as exc ->
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    let vl = filter_original n vl in
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    pp_error Format.err_formatter vl;
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    raise exc
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let schedule_prog prog =
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  List.fold_right (
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    fun top_decl (accu_prog, sch_map)  ->
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      match top_decl.top_decl_desc with
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	| Node nd -> 
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	  let nd', report = schedule_node nd in
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	  {top_decl with top_decl_desc = Node nd'}::accu_prog, 
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	  IMap.add nd.node_id report sch_map
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	| _ -> top_decl::accu_prog, sch_map
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    ) 
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    prog
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    ([],IMap.empty)
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let pp_eq_schedule fmt vl =
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  match vl with
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  | []  -> assert false
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  | [v] -> Format.fprintf fmt "%s" v
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  | _   -> Format.fprintf fmt "(%a)" (fprintf_list ~sep:" , " (fun fmt v -> Format.fprintf fmt "%s" v)) vl
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let pp_schedule fmt node_schs =
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 IMap.iter
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   (fun nd report ->
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     Format.fprintf fmt "%s schedule: %a@."
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       nd
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       (fprintf_list ~sep:" ; " pp_eq_schedule) report.schedule)
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   node_schs
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let pp_fanin_table fmt node_schs =
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  IMap.iter
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    (fun nd report ->
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      Format.fprintf fmt "%s : %a" nd Liveness.pp_fanin report.fanin_table)
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    node_schs
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let pp_warning_unused fmt node_schs =
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 IMap.iter
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   (fun nd report ->
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     let unused = report.unused_vars in
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     if not (ISet.is_empty unused)
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     then
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       let nd = match (Corelang.node_from_name nd).top_decl_desc with Node nd -> nd | _ -> assert false in
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       ISet.iter
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	 (fun u ->
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	   let vu = get_node_var u nd in
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	   if vu.var_orig
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	   then Format.fprintf fmt "Warning: variable '%s' seems unused@.%a@." u Location.pp_loc vu.var_loc)
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	 unused
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   )
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   node_schs
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(* Local Variables: *)
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(* compile-command:"make -C .." *)
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(* End: *)